Introduction to Cancer

It goes undetected, elusively intruding our bodies without our knowledge until the physician comes out with the diagnosis. Cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases. It is not a diagnosis that we would like to hear about. Who would?

Cancer is not even detectable unless one undergoes a series of tedious tests like biopsy and screening. However, there are instances when signs and symptoms manifest in the body.

Not anyone would dream of having a cancer. Being diagnosed in itself is already a death sentence. The deadening and long winding treatments would not only cause you your pocket but will exhaust even your spirit. Sadly, there is no way to battle it since you are bargaining your life.

What is cancer?

In recent years, statistics have shown that more people die of cancer in developing countries.

Cancer is a general term for a class of disorders distinguished by uncontrolled division of cells. These cells in turn invade other tissues by direct growth into the adjacent tissue implanting itself into distant sites by metasis,the stage in which the cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.

Cancer does not choose any age though risk increases with age. Anybody can be a target of cancer without even knowing it. Cancer has many types whilst the severity of symptoms count on the site and the level of malignancy. Usually, a more specified diagnosis requires histologic examination of the tissue by the pathologist.

Contrary to other people’s perception, cancer is curable. A cancer patient will undergo treatment that including the combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Each cancer treatment vary depending on the specific type, location, and its stage.

The advancements in medical science improved treatments for certain cancers. More and more researches, on the other hand, are done to improve treatments and understand the nature of other disorders falling under this category. Cancer without proper treatment can cause illness and even death.

Symptoms of cancer

Cancer symptoms can be categorized into three groups which are local symptoms, symptoms of metastasis, and systematic symptoms. For the first category, lumps or swellings, hemorrhage, pain or uleration are apparent.

Symptoms of metastasis refer to enlarged nodes, cough, and hemoptusis, hepatomegaly or enlarged liver, bone pain, fracture of affected bones. Systematic symptoms on the other hand maybe describe by the weight loss, poor appetiteand caxhexia, excessive sweating, anemic and most of all paranoplastic phenomena.

The determination of cancer may be initially discovered through biospy or surgery, which is done to historically examine the growth of cancer. The diagnosis of the tissue determines the type of cell growing, its historical grade and other features of the tumor. The information is useful in  evaluating the prognosis of the patient and the best medication.

Biopsy is not the only way to determine cancer in the body. Another way would be through cancer screening. This procedure can lead to earlier diagnosis and early diagnosis can extend your life. There are a variety of screening tests that has been developed for some cancers such as breast and cervical cancer.

Once one is diagnosed of cancer, the best way to treat is to give it a special attention. The many ways to battle a cancer is undergoing the process of surgery, chemotherapy, immunotheraphy, momclonal antibody therapy.

The prime choice for the therapy for cancer depends mostly on the grade of the tumor and stage. The intensity received from the treatment are not the same since each case has its own nature that needs to be addressed properly.

For every treatment, the major reason for these therapapies is to save lives. The complete removal and damage control of cancer cells to the rest of the body is the major goal of every treatment.


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