Introduction to Drug Addiction

What is drug addiction?

Drug addiction is a condition that makes an individual take a type of drug or drugs regularly despite the resulting harm as a consequence of its use. Being addicted may imply a certain dependence to a substance. But it is also possible for an individual to be dependent on a drug without being addicted to it.

For example, some people may be dependent on drugs to treat certain diseases and disorders. This drugs may interfere with their ability to function but they might have a need for it in order to experience some improvement of their condition. In this light, it can be said that drug addiction is dependence on a certain drug, legal or illegal, with the ultimate consequence of doing more harm than good to the body.

Causes of drug addiction

Drug addiction as it is known today can be caused by a variety of illegal drugs available in the society. Legal drugs can also be a cause of a drug addiction if it is being used other than its original purpose. The addictive nature of certain drugs may vary from substance to substance as well as how an individual’s body may react to it.

Different types of drugs have different levels of addiction depending on their amount, potency and frequency of use. Codeine or alcohol, for example may require many more exposures before users can get hooked to them while the use of illegal drugs such as heroin or cocaine may take less before one gets addicted.

Why people become addicted?

Drug addiction usually has two components: physical and psychological dependency. Physical dependency happens when habitual use of a certain drug has made the body become accustomed to its effects. An individual feels normal with continuous use of the drug.

Discontinuing its use or its sudden absence will trigger withdrawal symptoms to occur. Physical dependency on a certain level will make stopping its use even more difficult. This is especially true with individuals using illegal drugs such as opiates and barbiturates.

Psychological dependency occurs when a drug has been used habitually and the mind has become emotionally reliant on its effects to either provide pleasure or relieve pain. This type of drug dependency targets the mind, making it think that the mind may not feel capable of functioning without the presence of the drug.

The drug’s absence in the system will produce intense but purely psychological cravings, often brought about or made worse by stress. An addicted individual may have either aspects of dependency on an addictive drug and may also experience both types of dependencies at any one time.

There are many types of addictive drugs available in the world today. There are addictive drugs that are legal but can be abused by taking them with purposes other than their actual aim. There are also other types of addictive drugs that are illegal and their actual use are known to do harm.

Illicit drugs such as cocaine and heroin are the types of drugs that continue to make addicts out of otherwise normal individuals. Drug addiction has been a serious problem that always need to be effectively addressed in the society. Failure to do so can have dire consequences not only to the addicts but also to the part of society that they belong in.


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