Symptoms of HIV

What is HIV?

The human immunodeficiency virus, more widely known as HIV, is the organism that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). A person infected with HIV develop some early symptom, usually between two weeks to three months after the infection. Meanwhile, it would typically take about five to ten years before the infection worsens into AIDS.

Difference between HIV & AIDS

The term AIDS is an advanced stage of HIV infection, when there is substantial damage to the immune system. A person with HIV infection is does not necessarily get AIDS. When HIV progresses to AIDS, it is a deadly illness and there is absolutely no cure from AIDS.

Half the people who are affected by HIV develop AIDS within 10 years after becoming affected. This time varies from person to person, and many other factors like his health status and life style.

Early symptoms of HIV & AIDS

The earliest symptoms of HIV infection occur while your body begins to form antibodies to the virus.

1. Fever
2. Rash
3. Headache
4. Loss of appetite
5. Swollen glands
6. Achy muscles

Later  symptoms of HIV infection 

1. Persistent, difficult and painful enlarged lymph nodes.
2. Excessive fatigue
3. Weight loss
4. Seizures and lack of coordination
5. Mental symptoms like confusion.
6. Frequent fevers
7. Night sweats
8. Chronic or persistent diarrhea
9. Nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting
10. Genital sores
11. Thrush and mouth lesions
12. Rash of flaky skin
13. Stiffness in joints
14. Bone pain
15. Blurred vision
16. Short term memory loss
17. Repeated viral or fungal infections.
18. Coma

How is HIV diagnosed?

Because this syndrome closely resembles a variety of harmless viral illnesses, it is not usually recognized as HIV infection, while several HIV tests-especially the ELISA test-would typically show negative results during the acute retroviral syndrome.

However, the only sure way of telling if you are suffering from HIV is by testing if you are positive of the infection. It is recommended to take the test six months after a suspected primary HIV infection, especially if you are using the ELISA test.

However, there are other HIV tests that does not require waiting for a very long time to administer, such as PCR that can be taken even at the early stage of infection. And even if you do not have symptoms of HIV you are still highly contagions and can infect others, including your baby.