Choosing a Contraceptive Method

Contraception is not just a method of preventing pregnancy but also of preventing sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. Using contraception is an essential responsibility of both partners in any sexual relationship. Contraceptions should always be used when having sexual encounter unless the couple is trying to have a child. There are so many different types of contraception available. One may want to try different things before sticking on the best type.

What methods of contraception are available?

The two main types of contraception are the barrier methods and hormonal methods. The physical prevention of the sperm from swimming into the uterus and fertilizing in the woman’s egg is the barrier method. On the other hand, the hormonal methods alter a woman’s hormonal cycle to prevent fertilization.

Each method has its own advantage and disadvantages. A single best method of contraception is a myth, and it’s in the decision of the individual to choose which works the best for him or her. Whatever circumstances, there should always be a contraception option ready. For many people, barrier methods of contraception remains the best, because they prevent both pregnancy and STDs.

Contraceptive method

The most popular types of contraception are the pill (hormonal method) and the male condom (barrier method). The pill is a tablet containing two female-type hormones – an estrogen and a progesterone. These two hormones stops ovulation or the production of egg each month. If ovulation stops, then pregnancy will be prevented. These hormones also have the ability to thicken the secretions round the cervix – thus making it more difficult for sperm to get through.

Condoms are sheathes that trap the sperm when a man ejaculates. It’s closed at one end like the finger of a glove so that when a boy puts it over his penis it stops the sperm going inside a girl’s body Wearing them greatly reduces the chances of pregnancy as well as it provides some protection against sexually-transmitted infections, including HIV.

Aside from the pill and the condom, listed below are the most popular non-permanent methods of contraceptions:

  • Intra-uterine device (IUD)
  • Withdrawal method
  • Contraceptive injection
  • Contraceptive implants
  • The cap or diaphragm
  • Natural family planning (the rhythm method)
  • Female condom
  • Contraceptive patch

All the above methods, if used properly, are effective ways of preventing pregnancy, except for withdrawal that can also cause injury for partners. The rhythm method, however can’t be suitable for everyone and might only be good for trained couples of natural family planning.