Risk Factors for Heart Attack

What is coronary thrombosis?

Coronary Thrombosis is the medical term for what is more commonly known as heart attack. A heart thrombosis is usually caused by a blockage in the three major arteries that surround the heart and supply it with blood and oxygen.

The blockage can be a blood clot that develops in the arteries and block the blood supply going through that artery, causing the heart muscle in that area to stop. What results is a coronary thrombosis. Or heart attack.

Causes of heart attack

A heart attack can cause a severe chest pain that is felt behind the breast bone and often radiates towards the left arm. This is due to the lack of blood supply in the heart. If the blockage is not dissolved and cleared quickly with the use of medication, the heart muscle affected by the lack of blood flow will eventually stop working properly.

A cause of coronary thrombosis can be the build up of cholesterol and fat in the artery walls. This condition can progress into a disease known as atherosclerosis. As the cholesterol and fat build up in the artery walls, it narrows down and hardens. In due time, its elasticity is gradually lost, making it more difficult for blood to flow through.

Another cause of heart attack can be fatty plaques that rupture in the artery. Fatty plaques are known to rupture and cause blood clots to form around the rupture. This can block the blood flowing through the artery. In due time, as the tissue supplied by the blocked artery loses essential blood supply, it eventually dies.

Risks of heart attack

There are certain risk factors that can help bring about a heart attack over time. One is a family history of atherosclerosis. High cholesterol levels may also help increase the risk of a heart attack in people. Persistent high blood pressure that is not controlled may often lead to an increased risk of a heart attach especially for the elderly.

Diabetics are also known to be at higher risk of having heart attacks than those who are not. Gender may also play a part in assessing one’s heart attack risk as males are more prone to experiencing one than females.

But there are also other risks factors of heart attack that people may have some control on. It is minimizing these factors that may help people lessen their heart attack risk substantially. One of those factors involves diet. People who have no control over their diet may consume fat and cholesterol laden food that gradually find their way into the blood vessels.

Not only that, an uncontrolled or unhealthy diet may also cause people to become overweight, another risk factor of heart attacks. Just by controlling one’s diet, especially the intake of fats, cholesterol as well as sodium, people may be able to help decrease their risk of experiencing heart attacks later in life.


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