Causes of Chronic Back Pain

Most cases of lower back pain is caused by a combination of overuse, muscle strain, and injury to the muscles, ligaments and discs that support the spine. Health experts say that frequent muscle strain can lead to an overall imbalance in the spine, leading to a constant tension of the muscles, ligaments, bones, and spinals discs. These make the lower back, also known as the lumbosacral region of your spine, more prone to injury or even reinjury. Here are the common causes of low back pain.

Overuse or injury – Performing tasks such as carrying heavy loads or even playing golf without proper positioning and stretching can cause your back to injure itself. And when we say the back, it consists of your muscles and spinal joints.

Pressure on the nerve roots in the spinal canal – If you have that tingling feeling at the lower part of your spine, they are usually caused by a variety of reasons such as a herniated disc brought on by repeated motion like playing sports or a sudden heavy strain to your lower back; osteoarthritis or degeneration of the joints, which typically develops with age; spondyolisthesis or defects in the vertebra; spinal stenosis or narrowing of the spinal canal; fractures on the spine caused by accidents; or spinal deformities like scoliosis or kyphosis.

Compression fractures – These are more common among post-menopausal women who suffer from osteoporosis, or in men or women after a long-term use of corticosteroids. A person suffering from osteoporosis may have a compression fracture in even the smallest amount of force put on the spine, such as sneezing.

Ankylosing spondylitis – Also known as joint inflammation, or arthritis, that mostly affects the spine.

Bacterial infection – Bacteria are usually transported to the spine by going through the bloodstream. These bacteria are often caused by an infection somewhere else in the body or from IV drug use, but they can also enter the spine directly during surgery, injection treatments, or as a result of an injury. This causes infection in your spine bones (osteomyelitis) or in the spinal cord.

Spinal tumors – In less common cases, tumors can develop on the bones and ligaments of the spine, the spinal cord, or on the nerve roots.

Paget’s disease – Also known as osteitis deformans, it is a chronic disorder caused by excessive breakdown and formation of bone tissue, which typically results in enlarged and deformed bones. This disease may be caused by a slow virus infection or hereditary factors.

Scheuermann’s disease – It is a self-limiting skeletal disorder often occurring during childhood. It causes one or more bones of the spine to develop wedge-shaped deformities, making a curvature of the spine that rounds the back (making the patient appear like a hunchback).

Other medical conditions – Several illnesses can cause pain that may be similar to lower back pain, such as inflammation of the pelvis, aortic aneurysm, peptic ulcers, urinary disorders like kidney stones, as well as diseases in the gall bladder, pancreas, and prostate.

Psychological reasons – Your state of mind can also have an effect on your level of back pain and whether it becomes chronic. People who are either depressed, under stress, unhappy in their work, or even seeking money for an injury are more prone to have chronic back pain.


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