Dealing With Acne

teenIt is an inevitable part of teenage life: getting that dreaded zit on your face. In fact, studies suggest that 85 percent of teenagers will have acne during the puberty years, and can even be a common problem among people over 25 years of age. The bad thing about acne is that it usually comes at the best time of your life: prom, graduation, cheering competition among others.

Acne can come in different degrees of severity. It can come as a single red dot on your face or a "colony" of red marks on your face, neck, even on the shoulders and back. These are usually not painful, but they can bring embarrassment to anyone who has it. This acne problem is usually temporary. Once you get past your teen years, you are likely not to have acne again. However, several sever cases of acne can leave scars or pockmarks on your face and may result in permanent changes in your skin tone as well.

So what causes your skin to break out? It does not happen overnight, but it is a slow process caused by the following factors.

Overproduction of skin cells

We shed skin cells everyday, but if you do not take care of your skin, some of the excess skin cells can get into the hair follicles, where your pores are locate. These cells combine with a fatty material called sebum and plug the follicle, which results to your skin breaking out.

Enlarged oil glands

Your skin’s sebaceous glands tend to get larger during adolescence as part of hormonal changes usually experienced during this phase in life. These glands are responsible for keeping your skin moist and are concentrated on your face, upper back, and chest. The increased size of your oil glands causes your skin to become more oily and vulnerable to acne.

Increase in bacteria growth

An oily face promotes the increased growth of certain types of bacteria, which when mixed with sebum and plugged into the pores. This causes your pores to inflame, producing red marks on your skin.

Other factors

Teenagers can also develop acne by using oil-based cosmetics that may contribute to buildup sebum in the skin, as well as excess humidity and moisture on the skin.

Also, several oral contraceptives can make acne worse, especially the ones with high activity of androgens.