Understanding Conduct Disorder

Conduct disorder is a category of psychiatric disorders that is characterized by patterns of repetitive behavior of people associated with violating current social norms and rights of others. Primary features of conduct disorder include aggression, vandalism, purposely violating rules as well as theft. Conduct disorder is a common childhood problem that has recently experience an increased incidence in adolescents.

Causes of conduct disorder

Conduct disorder is a psychiatric problem whose cause can be found in certain biological, psychosocial as well as familial factors. Other factors that may also increase the risk of children developing conduct disorder include substance abuse, marital conflict, child abuse and neglect, as well as psychiatric illness.

Conduct disorder seem to develop in children experiencing lack of parental presence and discipline. This leads to children not having a means to associate their negative behavior and its possible consequences.

Symptoms of conduct disorder

There are four general symptoms that are associated with conduct disorder.

1) Display of aggression and threatening behavior on other people and animals.

2) Deliberate damage to property.

3) Tend to repeatedly violate accepted rules and regulations in the home, school or laws.

4) Display acts of thievery as well as persistent lying to avoid the consequences of their actions.

Diagnosis of conduct disorder

Diagnosis vary depending on the factors, behavior displayed as well as the consistency. In order for diagnosis to be possible, the repeated patterns of behavior should at least be occurring for a period of six months.

A common diagnosis for this disorder is the display of a pattern of behavior where patients continuously violate the basic rights of others as well as the accepted basic social norms and rules.

How to prevent conduct disorder?

Although conduct disorder may initially be difficult to prevent since people react differently to similar sets of factors, there are certain ways that children can be brought up in order to lessen the risk of such disorders from developing.

Consistent parental presence as well as discipline seems to work best in trying to teach children with how their behavior will have certain consequences.

Children with having both parents closely monitoring their growth seems to assimilate accepted social norms and behavior better, leading them to develop a pattern of behavior more acceptable in society.

How to treat conduct disorder?

There are various treatments being used in order to help treat conduct disorder. The use of medication to control certain patterns of behavior is common but are reserved for more serious cases. Other forms of treatment include family therapy, behavior modification or cognitive behavior therapy.