Understanding Polycystic Kidney

Polycystic kidney disease or PKD is a genetic disorder wherein clusters of cysts developing within both kidneys. The cysts are usually round sacs filled with fluid and are non-cancerous. The cysts are not just limited to the kidneys but can also develop and affect other organs in the body. People with PKD usually develop high blood pressure that can also worsen into kidney failure.

Causes of polycystic kidney

Benign cysts can develop in the kidneys as people age especially in people more than 50 years old. Some people may even develop multiple cysts and yet not have PKD.

The main cause of polycystic kidney disease is genetic in nature. The disorder is caused by defects or flaws in genes that can also be handed down from generation to generation.

Symptoms of polycystic kidney

Development of polycystic kidney disease can show a variety of symptoms. One of them is high blood pressure. Back or side pain may also be experienced due to enlarged kidneys.

This can be followed by abdominal pain and a noticeable increase in abdomen size. A worsening condition can lead to having blood in the urine, developing kidney stones as well as infections and even kidney failure.

How polycystic kidney is diagnosed?

Diagnosis of PKD include a look into a patient’s genetic history and testing. Additional diagnostic methods to determine if one has PKD include getting CT and MRI scans or an ultrasound examination.

How to prevent of polycystic kidney?

Since the main cause of polycystic kidney disease is genetic in nature, there is no known means to prevent it from developing. Having an extensive record of family medical history may however aid doctors in evaluating patient risk much earlier.

How to treat of polycystic kidney

Main treatment for this genetic disease depends on the symptoms being shown. If a person has high blood pressure, treating it can help delay the progression of the disease as well as the ensuing damage it can do to the kidneys.

Treatment is also provided for the pain experienced and associated with the disease with the use of over the counter pain killers. For those that experience severe pain due to the cysts, surgical removal may be necessary.  


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