First Aid for Dislocation

Dislocation is an injury wherein the ends of your bones are removed from their normal positions. Dislocation is often caused by trauma such as a blow or a fall. But, it could also be caused by an underlying medical condition such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Dislocation is a common injury in contact sports such as football, and in sports that involve falls such as downhill skiing. Dislocations occur in major joints such as the shoulder, hip, knee, elbow or ankle, and in smaller joints such as the fingers and toes.

The injury will temporarily deform and immobilize your joint. It may also result in severe pain and swelling.

A dislocation requires immediate medical attention return your bones back to their normal locations.

If you ever dislocate a joint, here’s what you must do:

  • Seek medical help immediately.
  • Do not move the joint. While waiting for medical help to arrive, splint the dislocated joint into its fixed position. Do not move it or try to get it back into place. This might damage the joint and the surrounding muscles, ligaments, nerves or blood vessels.
  • Put ice on the affected joint. This reduces swelling by controlling the internal bleeding and the fluid buildup in and around the affected area.

Source: Mayo Clinic