What Is The Novel Coronavirus?

The world is gripped in widespread concern and fear about a certain virus that has started to infect certain parts of the world. If you haven’t known about it yet, it is the novel coronavirus. This virus, also known as the SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has infected a number of people from more than 70 countries so far. The fear surrounding this virus has grown because it is generally not known by most people ever since the first outbreak last year.

What Is It?

The novel coronavirus is the cause of the coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19. This infectious disease affects the respiratory system and can develop into pneumonia and can lead into multi-organ failure to those who are most vulnerable to the disease. Common symptoms include fever, fatigue, dry cough, and shortness of breath. Those infected with the virus can pass it to others via close contact of respiratory droplets that can spray out as a result of coughing and sneezing.

Origins Of The Virus

The origins of the novel coronavirus outbreak can be traced in Wuhan, China where it was first identified sometime at the end of last year. The source of the said virus was said to likely have come from wild animals being sold at a market. It quickly spread into nearby provinces and caused a lockdown of the infected areas to prevent the spreading. But despite this response, the virus has since spread globally with infected cases already reported in every continent except Antarctica.

Diagnosis

The standard test to identify an infection is through testing of a nasopharyngeal swap or a sputum sample. Results can be provided within a few hours or up to two days. Blood samples can also be used to test for infection with results given within a few days. A CT scan may also be conducted to those with the infection to determine the features and symptoms as well as the spread of the infection internally.

 

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