New Research- Vitamin D Alone Don’t Reduce Fracture Risk

Vitamin D has been associated with bone health. Intake of this nutrient has been linked with how strong your bone becomes to reduce the risk of fracture or breaks. But new research indicates that taking Vitamin D alone may not be able to reduce the risk of fractures.

A meta-analysis of multiple studies regarding Vitamin D indicates that it does not lower the risk of fractures. The analysis involved looking over the findings from 11 observational studies regarding vitamin D levels in the blood and incidences of fracture among a total of 39,141 participants. It also included analysis of six trials involving 49,282 participants regarding the effects of a combined vitamin D and calcium treatment. A total of 11 trials about vitamin D supplementation which involved a total of 34,243 participants was also part of the meta-analysis research.

Results of the meta-analysis indicate that vitamin D supplementation alone did not show a significant decrease in risk of any fracture. Even after taking into consideration factors such as age, geographic location, residential status, and others, the investigators did not find any significant changes in the effect of vitamin D supplementation with fracture risk.

The researchers, however, did find that a combination of vitamin D and calcium treatment reduced fracture risk by 16 percent. The benefits of the combined treatment were even greater in people with a high risk of fracture such as older seniors in nursing homes and those with low levels of vitamin D in the blood. The analysis may indicate that there is a synergistic effect between vitamin D and calcium that affects bone health as well as fracture risk. This provides new insights on how calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be recommended in the future for better bone health and to further benefit those who are a high risk of experiencing fractures.

Source: JAMA

 

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